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Aeta people The Aeta , or Agta, are an indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of the island of Luzon , the Philippines. These people are considered to be Negritos , whose skin ranges from dark to dark brown, possessing features such as a small stature and frame, they are thought to be among the earliest inhabitants of the Philippines, preceding the Austronesian migrations. The Aeta were included in the group of people named " Negrito " during the Spanish Era. Various Aeta groups in northern Luzon are named Pugut or Pugot , an Ilocano term that means " goblin " or "forest spirit", is the colloquial term for people with darker complexions; these names are considered inappropriate or derogatory by fellow Aeta of northern Luzon.

The Aeta people in the Philippines are grouped with other Negritos and the Australo-Melanesians , which includes other groups such as Aborigines in Australia ; the history of the Aetas continues to confound archaeologists. One theory suggests that the Aeta are the descendants of the original inhabitants of the Philippines, contrary to their seafaring Austronesian neighbors, arrived through land bridges that linked the islands with the Asian mainland. Unlike many of their Austronesian counterparts, the Aetas have shown resistance to change.

Aetas had little interaction with the Spaniards as they remained in the mountains during the Spanish rule; the attempts of the Spaniards failed to settle them in reducciones or reservations all throughout Spanish rule. Unwary travelers or field workers were easy targets. Despite their martial prowess, the Aeta's small numbers, primitive economy and lack of organization made them easy prey for better-organized groups. Zambals seeking slaves would take advantage of their internal feuding, they were sold as slaves to Borneo and China , unlike the serf feudal system imposed on other Filipinos, there was little chance of manumission.

It is estimated; the Aeta are nomadic and build only temporary shelters made of sticks driven to the ground and covered with the palm of banana leaves. The well-situated and more modernized Aetas have moved to areas of cleared mountains. They live in houses made of cogon grass. Aetas are found in Zambales , Pampanga , Panay and Nueva Ecija , but were forced to move to resettlement areas in Pampanga and Tarlac following the devastating Mount Pinatubo eruption in June Mining, illegal logging , slash-and-burn farming have caused the indigenous population in the country to decrease to the point where they number only in the thousands today; the Philippine government affords them little or no protection, the Aeta have become nomadic due to social and economic strain on their culture and way of life that had remained unchanged for thousands of years.

There are different views on the dominant character of the Aeta religion. Those who believe they are monotheistic argue that various Aeta tribes believe in a supreme being who rules over lesser spirits or deities, with the Aeta of Mt. Pinatubo worshipping "Apo Na"; the Aetas are animists. For example, the Pinatubo Aeta believe in environmental spirits, they believe that good and evil spirits inhabit the environment, such as the spirits of the river, sky, hill and other places.

No special occasion is needed for the Aeta to pray, but there is a clear link between prayer and economic activities; the Aeta dance after a pig hunt. The night before Aeta women gather shellfish , they perform a dance, an apology to the fish and a charm to ensure the catch; the men hold a bee dance before and after the expeditions for honey. There are four manifestations of the "great creator" who rules the world: Tigbalog is the source of life and action.

Lexical resources

Kedes - The god of the hunt. Pawi - The god of the forest. Sedsed - The god of the sea. Jehovah's Witnesses have members of the Aeta people, their traditional clothing is plain. The young women wear.

Elder women wear bark cloth; the old women of the Agta wear a bark cloth strip which passes between the legs, is a. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Language family. Dupaningan Agta: Grammar, vocabulary, and texts Thesis. University of Hawaii at Manoa. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D.

Language Agta (Dupaningan)

Fennig eds. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Seventeenth edition. Glottolog 3. Oceanic Linguistics. Philippine Negrito languages. Magahat Karolanos. Ata Manobo Matigsalug Tigwa. Umiray Dumaget Ata. Philippine languages. Itbayat Ivatan Yami. Kapampangan Remontado Agta Sinauna. Alangan Iraya Tadyawan. Buhid Hanuno'o Tawbuid. Tagalog Kasiguranin. Cebuano Boholano? Maguindanao Maranao Iranun.

Dupaningan Agta

Agutaynen Calamian Tagbanwa. Giangan B'laan T'boli Tiruray. Sangirese Talaud Bantik Ratahan. Tonsawang Tontemboan Tombulu Tondano Tonsea. Umiray Dumaget Ati. Inagta Alabat Manide. Languages of the Philippines. Filipino English. Hokaglish Taglish. Ati Caluyanon Capiznon Sulod. Ata Karolanos Magahat. Bantayanon Eskayan Porohanon. Abaknon Baybay Kabalian. Iranun Pangutaran Sama Sama. American Sign Philippine Sign. Proto-Philippine Old Tagalog.

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YouTube Videos. Philip II of Spain. Tabon Caves are the site of one of the oldest human remains found in the Philippines: Tabon Man. Bangkang Pinawa, ancient Philippine mortar and pestle. Navy ships under attack while entering Lingayen Gulf , January The Central Luzon plain with Mount Arayat in the background.

Dupaningan Agta: Grammar, Vocabulary and Texts (ebook)

Lake Pinatubo in Zambales. The Aeta, or Agta, are an indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of the island of Luzon, the Philippines.

Isarog Agta language - Wikipedia audio article

Young Aeta girl from Mariveles , Bataan , in The caption in Spanish describes them as "wild men of the mountains". The Negrito are several different ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of a region known today as Austronesia. Negrito group photo Malaya , Great Andamanese couple in the Andaman Islands , India A Negrito man with a hunting bow c. A young Onge mother with her baby Andaman Islands , India , View of the Sierra Madre from Cabagan. Forests in Palanan. Isabela's coast in Divilacan. It is located off the northeastern extremity of Luzon Island, the largest island in the country.

Santa Ana, officially the Municipality of Santa Ana, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. According to the census, it has a population of 32, people.

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The municipality is on the north-easternmost point of Luzon and includes Palaui Island as well. View of Santa Ana coast from Mount Cagua. According to the census, it has a population of 4, people, making it the least populous municipality in the province.

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